Since Ram Nath Kovind, former Governor of Bihar was elected as the President of the country office of Governor was lying vacant.
Before joining the BJP, Malik was in the Congress, Lok Dal, Samajwadi Party and Janta Dal.
Native of Baghpat district in Uttar Pradesh, Malik became an MLA in 1974, and Rajya Sabha MP twice between 1980-1984 and 1986-1989 and Union Minister in 1990.
The swearing-in ceremony took place at 10 am at the Raj Bhawan. Chief Minister Nitish Kumar, deputy CM Sushil Kumar Modi, former CM Jitan Ram Manjhi, Bihar Vidhan Sabha Speaker Vijay Kumar Chowdhary and Chief Secretary Anjani Kumar Singh attended the ceremony.