What do Ajit Doval, Nripendra Misra and PK Misra have in common? Of course, they are top bureaucrats whom Narendra Modi handpicked to run his team. There is another common factor. They all hail from New Delhi-based think-tank Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF).
Former IB director Ajit Doval was steering the ship at VIF as founder-director before he was appointed as Modiâ€™s National Security Adviser. He was advising Modi even before the government was formed. In fact, it was Doval who came up with the idea of inviting South Asian leaders to Modiâ€™s oath-taking ceremony.
After his stint as the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) chairman was over, Nripendra Misra became a member of the VIFâ€™s executive council. Now, he is Modiâ€™s principal secretary. There was a legal hitch in his appointment as TRAI law bars former chairmen from holding government positions. But Modi wanted him so bad that he tabled an ordinance to amend the law.
Former Union agriculture secretary PK Misra was associated with the VIF as a Senior Fellow. Now, he is the additional principal secretary to the prime minister.
Other VIF members whom the Modi regime has tapped for inputs include former RAW chief CD Sahay, former urban development secretary Anil Baijal, former ambassador to Russia Prabhat Shukla, former IAF chief SG Inamdar and former BSF chief Prakash Singh.
Former army chief Gen (retd) NC Vij has replaced Doval as VIF director. Sources claim that many other VIF members are likely to be enrolled in the government at significant posts soon. There are reports that former DRDO director general VK Saraswat, who is currently the dean of the Centre for Scientific and Technological Studies at VIF, might replace Chief Scientific Adviser R Chidambaram.
Interestingly, the first book that Modi released after assuming office was Getting India Back on Track. Its editor is none other than Bibek Debroy, who is the dean of VIFâ€™s Centre for Economic Studies.
So, what is the VIF? Who are the people associated with it? When and how did the think-tank become a breeding ground of candidates to fill Modiâ€™s bureaucracy?
VIF is Dovalâ€™s brainchild. After his retirement from the IB in 2005, he focussed his energies in creating the think-tank. On 10 December 2009, Mata AmritanandamayiÂ and Justice MN Venkatachaliah inaugurated the foundation.
The VIF is affiliated to the Kanyakumari-based Vivekananda Kendra, which was established by RSS organiser Eknath Ranade in 1970. In 1993, the Narasimha Rao government allotted land to the Vivekanada Kendra in Chanakyapuri. And VIF was founded at the same spot.
The think-tankâ€™s website introduces the organisation in the following words, â€śThe VIF is a New Delhi-based think-tank set up with the collaborative efforts of Indiaâ€™s leading security experts, diplomats, industrialists and philanthropists under the aegis of the Vivekananda Kendra. The VIFâ€™s objective is to become a centre of excellence to kick-start innovative ideas and thoughts that can lead to a stronger, secure and prosperous India playing its destined role in global affairs.â€ť
About its vision and mission, the website adds, â€śThe VIF is an independent, non-partisan institution that promotes quality research and in-depth studies and is a platform for dialogue and conflict resolution. It strives to bring together the best minds in India to ideate on key national and international issues; promote initiatives that further the cause of peace and global harmony; monitor social, economic and political trends that have a bearing on Indiaâ€™s unity and integrity.â€ť
The VIF has many scholars as members of its advisory and executive councils,Â besides former army chiefs, former ambassadors, foreign secretaries, retired RAW and IB officials, bureaucrats as well as other key officials who have held top posts at the Centre (see box).
The VIF chiefly works in eight different areas: national security and strategic studies, international relations and diplomacy, neighbourhood studies, governance and political studies, economic studies, historical and civilisational studies, technological and scientific studies, and media studies.
The VIF invites scholars and experts from all over the world for conferences and lectures. It presents Indiaâ€™s outlook before the New Delhi-based diplomatic community and takes their inputs to further the countryâ€™s political, strategic, economic and cultural interests. It also holds dialogues with policymakers on current affairs. It gives policy advice to government representatives, MPs, members of the judiciary and civil society. It also carries out exchange of ideas with academic institutes and research centres.
â€śThe foundation has done commendable work in the past 5-6 years,â€ť says former RAW chief Anand Verma, who is now a member of the VIF advisory board. â€śTop-level research has been conducted in various fields. Numerous seminars of national and international significance have been organised. It has held dialogues with various global think-tanks. Senior officials, including government and nongovernmental ones, from all over the world are invited for interactions. Since the think-tank has its own rules, many of its discussions are not made public.â€ť
Modi has had a long association with the VIF. Sources reveal that he constantly took counsel from this institute regarding economic and security issues when he was the Gujarat chief minister. In fact, the VIF core team helped Modi draft the blueprint of his election campaign.
â€śWe were confident that Modi would be elected as prime minister,â€ť says a VIF member. â€śThatâ€™s why we had been working on developing foreign, security and economic policies, etc. During the run-up to the Lok Sabha polls, he was provided all the necessary inputs on various issues by the VIF. In fact, the major intellectual inputs for his political campaign in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Jammu was organised by the foundation.â€ť
Sources in the foundation confirm Modiâ€™s affinity towards VIF, which prominent BJP and Sangh Parivar leaders approach for inputs on governance issues.
The links between Modi and the VIF became apparent last year. When Congress leaders attacked Modi in the Ishrat Jahan fake encounter case, Doval jumped to his defence. The then VIF director argued that Ishrat was a member of the Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Toiba and the Congress-led UPA government was politicising the whole matter.
In the run-up to the General Election, Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) leader Arvind Kejriwal alleged that under Modiâ€™s watch, industrialists made huge profits in Gujarat, while no actual development had taken place in the state.
Following the accusation, a group named Concerned Citizens sprang to life and came out with a statement that AAP was making unsubstantiated allegations in a bid to help the Congress in the General Election. The members included Doval, author MV Kamath, journalist MJ Akbar, former Jammu & Kashmir governor SK Sinha, former bureaucrat MN Buch and economist Bibek Debroy. It was clearly part of the foundationâ€™s strategy.
The VIFâ€™s major achievement has been the building up of an anti-UPA (read anti- Congress) atmosphere in the past few years. Sources close to the foundation claim that VIF members played a significant role in mobilising the anti-corruption movement across the country in 2011.
â€śIn April 2011, the decision to create an anti-corruption forum under Baba Ramdev was taken here,â€ť reveals a VIF member on the condition of anonymity. â€śIt had been planned for almost a year.In collaboration with KN Govindacharyaâ€™s Rashtriya Swabhiman Andolan, the foundation organised a two-day seminar on black money and corruption on 1 April 2011. Baba Ramdev, Arvind Kejriwal and Kiran Bedi attended the programme. At the end of the seminar, an anti-corruption front was formed with Baba Ramdev as patron and Govindacharya as organiser. The members included Ajit Doval, Bhishm Agnihotri (ambassador-at-large to the US when the NDA was in power), Prof R Vaidyanathan from IIM Bangalore, Ved Pratap Vaidik, journalist and Baba Ramdevâ€™s close aide, and (author and financial expert) S Gurumurthy.â€ť
Meanwhile, Govindacharya organised a meeting between Anna Hazare and Baba Ramdev. VIF members devised a strategy that both of them will push the anti-corruption movement forward. Three days after the seminar, Hazare began a hunger strike at Jantar Mantar. By the end of April, Ramdev had also announced an anti-UPA protest on 4 June at the Ramlila Maidan in New Delhi.
Rumour has it that the plan to corner the Congress was allegedly drafted by VIF at the behest of the BJP and the RSS. On one hand, Anna Hazare and Baba Ramdev were raking up the corruption issue and protesting against the government. On the other hand, the BJP was adding fuel to fire. This is why senior Congress leader Digvijaya Singh kept referring to the anti-corruption movement as an RSS conspiracy. But as the movement reached its peak and the UPA government came up with absurd steps to tackle the situation, nobody paid him any heed.
The VIFâ€™s alleged links with the RSS has come in handy for Modiâ€™s critics. Sangh leaders regularly visit the VIF, while RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat and BJP leader LK Advani actively engage with it. Recently, Bhagwat was at the VIF to release former diplomat OP Guptaâ€™s book Defining Hindutva. Since the VIF emerged out of the Vivekananda Kendra, critics believe it would be a mistake to consider the VIF separate from the RSS.
â€śVIF is an RSS project,â€ť says a critic. â€śThe first thing you notice when you enter the building is a photograph of Eknath Ranade. VIF is filled with right-wing officials. As they were marginalised intellectually, they created their own think-tank. It is a desperate attempt to get acknowledged in the intellectual world. If it is not so, then why does the RSS chief keep visiting the VIF?â€ť
The critic provides some examples of the VIFâ€™s alleged right-wing bias. â€śWhen the controversy over Wendy Donigerâ€™s book The Hindus: An Alternative History erupted, Senior Fellow Makkhan Lal wrote that the incident has provided pseudo-secularists and anti-Hindus an opportunity to play their old trick where, in the name of freedom of speech, they bitterly criticise the Hindus,â€ť he says. â€śWhile analysing the Lok Sabha election mandate, joint-director Prabhat Shukla wrote that the results were the outcome of the exploitation of Hindus, which has been going on for decades. Another fellow, Anirban Ganguly, wrote in his research paper titled Man and Environment in India: Past Traditions and Present Challenges about how Hinduism is intrinsically aware of the natural surroundings and that the tradition finds mention in the Vedas and Arthashastra. If it is not right-wing ideology, then what is?â€ť
However, KG Suresh, editor of the foundationâ€™s magazine Patrika, rubbishes such allegations. â€śI donâ€™t understand why there is so much negative reporting,â€ť he says. â€śA picture is being projected as if everyone in the foundation is roaming around in khakis. It is wrong to link the foundation with the RSS. We are totally apolitical. Neither the BJP nor the RSS is funding us.
â€śWe are neither pro-BJP nor anti- Congress. When the UPA was in power, we backed the government on the Devyani Khobragade issue. Similarly, we supported the UPA in the land swap deal with Bangladesh, while the Opposition raised a furore. Hence, it is wrong to call us anti- Congress. It is true that the top leadership of the BJP and the RSS take inputs from us on various issues, but even Congress leaders participate in our seminars.â€ť
Verma is also at pains to emphasise that the VIF has no political leanings. â€śThe think-tank is absolutely non-political and secular,â€ť he says. â€śIt has nothing to do with the RSS. The sole objective of the foundation is to find solutions to the various challenges before the country.
â€śI donâ€™t look at the RSS the same way as the Congress does. What wrong is the RSS doing? It is only trying to restore the esteem of the Hindu community. Those who donâ€™t understand it, abuse the Sangh. It is establishing the ancient sanskritik principles. Itâ€™s doing good work.
â€śWhen Swami Vivekananda delivered his speech in Chicago in 1893, it caught the worldâ€™s attention. But he was criticised for giving rise to a new Hinduism. If even Vivekananda is not considered secular, then who can be considered so?â€ť
Agrees Maroof Raza, a consultant and strategic affairs expert with Times Now, who regularly participates in various programmes organised by the foundation. â€śAlthough there are rumours about VIFâ€™s association with the RSS, no right-wing bias has come to light,â€ť he says. â€śIn fact, the foundation is doing excellent work.â€ť
To buttress his point, Verma adds, â€śRecently, we organised a conference on the Kashmir issue and members from the PDP, Congress and National Conference took part in the discussion. (Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind chief ) Maulana Mahmood Madani also visited the foundation recently. So has the head of Pakistanâ€™s Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam, Maulana Fazlur Rehman. Even the Dalai Lama has attended several programmes here.â€ť
Adds another VIF member, â€śWhen the UPA was in power, many PMO officials attended our seminars. In fact, minister Kumari Selja came here to release a book.â€ť
Shedding light on the VIFâ€™s objectives, Verma says, â€śAmong significant issues taken up by the foundation, one is to present the correct cultural, traditional and spiritual aspects of India. We have studied from books that offered a distorted version of our history. Today, we learn history from books prepared by the British and (Thomas) Macaulay. Their objective was to make us feel inferior and destroy our fundamental Indian values. We need to know our actual history and the foundation is working towards it. The history of India is being rewritten in 10-11 volumes, of which half are ready.
â€śIt was necessary to establish VIF. The situation was such that whenever someone talked about Indian culture, Leftist intellectuals would dismiss him or her. They felt he or she was preaching Hinduism. The Leftist historians see RSS conspiracy in anything that involves culture.â€ť
Adds Suresh, â€śIndian history must be nationalised. The Left has already been marginalised politically. Now, it will be marginalised intellectually. We had been on the margins so far, now it is their turn.â€ť
Another VIF member echoes the sentiment. â€śMost of the think-tanks are governed by Leftists,â€ť he says. â€śOurs is a platform for non-Leftists and nationalists who were considered untouchables in the intellectual world.â€ť
On the subject of funding, Verma says, â€śThis institute is funded by people from all over the world. It is not funded by any government organisation. People like you and me fund it.â€ť In 2013, VIF reportedly received donations worth 1.5 crore.
Verma rubbishes allegations that the Sangh Parivar played a part in the appointment of Doval and Misra, saying that their elevation was made purely on merit. â€śI know the bureaucracy inside out,â€ť says Verma. â€śI can declare with conviction that they have no match in the entire civil services. Just as they say about Modi, there is nobody like Doval.â€ť
But are they not close to the Sangh Parivar? â€śDoval is a completely apolitical person,â€ť he replies. â€śYes, personally he may have cultural preferences, but in public life, he is very professional.â€ť
As VIF basks in the newfound limelight, foreign dignitaries are making a beeline to the think-tank. Just days after Dovalâ€™s elevation, two Chinese delegations came calling. The same day, a 17-member British team, including Royal College of Defence Studies commandant David Bill, visited the place. Later, a delegation from the US Army War College held discussions with VIFâ€™s security experts on nuclear weapons. Experts from the French Atomic Energy Agency and diplomats also paid a visit to discuss various matters, including security issues.
As more and more VIF members join the Narendra Modi sarkar, it is a no-brainer that the think-tank will play a key role in formulating the countryâ€™s foreign, economic and security policies.
Translated from Tehelka Hindi by Naushin Rehman